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   1  <?php
   2  /* vim: set expandtab tabstop=4 shiftwidth=4 softtabstop=4: */

   3  
   4  /**

   5   * HTTP

   6   * 

   7   * PHP versions 4 and 5

   8   *

   9   * @category    HTTP

  10   * @package     HTTP

  11   * @author      Stig Bakken <ssb@fast.no>

  12   * @author      Sterling Hughes <sterling@php.net>

  13   * @author      Tomas V.V.Cox <cox@idecnet.com>

  14   * @author      Richard Heyes <richard@php.net>

  15   * @author      Philippe Jausions <Philippe.Jausions@11abacus.com>

  16   * @author      Michael Wallner <mike@php.net>

  17   * @copyright   2002-2005 The Authors

  18   * @license     BSD, revised

  19   * @version     CVS: $Id: HTTP.php,v 1.48 2005/11/08 20:11:54 mike Exp $

  20   * @link        http://pear.php.net/package/HTTP

  21   */
  22  
  23  /**

  24   * Miscellaneous HTTP Utilities

  25   *

  26   * PEAR::HTTP provides static shorthand methods for generating HTTP dates,

  27   * issueing HTTP HEAD requests, building absolute URIs, firing redirects and

  28   * negotiating user preferred language.

  29   *

  30   * @package     HTTP

  31   * @category    HTTP

  32   * @access      public

  33   * @static

  34   * @version     $Revision: 1.48 $

  35   */
  36  class HTTP
  37  {
  38      /**

  39       * Date

  40       * 

  41       * Format a RFC compliant GMT date HTTP header.  This function honors the 

  42       * "y2k_compliance" php.ini directive and formats the GMT date corresponding

  43       * to either RFC850 or RFC822.

  44       * 

  45       * @static 

  46       * @access  public 

  47       * @return  mixed   GMT date string, or false for an invalid $time parameter

  48       * @param   mixed   $time unix timestamp or date (default = current time)

  49       */
  50      function Date($time = null)
  51      {
  52          if (!isset($time)) {
  53              $time = time();
  54          } elseif (!is_numeric($time) && (-1 === $time = strtotime($time))) {
  55              return false;
  56          }
  57          
  58          // RFC822 or RFC850

  59          $format = ini_get('y2k_compliance') ? 'D, d M Y' : 'l, d-M-y';
  60          
  61          return gmdate($format .' H:i:s \G\M\T', $time);
  62      }
  63  
  64      /**

  65       * Negotiate Language

  66       * 

  67       * Negotiate language with the user's browser through the Accept-Language 

  68       * HTTP header or the user's host address.  Language codes are generally in 

  69       * the form "ll" for a language spoken in only one country, or "ll-CC" for a 

  70       * language spoken in a particular country.  For example, U.S. English is 

  71       * "en-US", while British English is "en-UK".  Portugese as spoken in

  72       * Portugal is "pt-PT", while Brazilian Portugese is "pt-BR".

  73       * 

  74       * Quality factors in the Accept-Language: header are supported, e.g.:

  75       *      Accept-Language: en-UK;q=0.7, en-US;q=0.6, no, dk;q=0.8

  76       * 

  77       * <code>

  78       *  require_once 'HTTP.php';

  79       *  $langs = array(

  80       *      'en'   => 'locales/en',

  81       *      'en-US'=> 'locales/en',

  82       *      'en-UK'=> 'locales/en',

  83       *      'de'   => 'locales/de',

  84       *      'de-DE'=> 'locales/de',

  85       *      'de-AT'=> 'locales/de',

  86       *  );

  87       *  $neg = HTTP::negotiateLanguage($langs);

  88       *  $dir = $langs[$neg];

  89       * </code>

  90       * 

  91       * @static 

  92       * @access  public 

  93       * @return  string  The negotiated language result or the supplied default.

  94       * @param   array   $supported An associative array of supported languages,

  95       *                  whose values must evaluate to true.

  96       * @param   string  $default The default language to use if none is found.

  97       */
  98      function negotiateLanguage($supported, $default = 'en-US')
  99      {
 100          $supp = array();
 101          foreach ($supported as $lang => $isSupported) {
 102              if ($isSupported) {
 103                  $supp[strToLower($lang)] = $lang;
 104              }
 105          }
 106          
 107          if (!count($supp)) {
 108              return $default;
 109          }
 110  
 111          $matches = array();
 112          if (isset($_SERVER['HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE'])) {
 113              foreach (explode(',', $_SERVER['HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE']) as $lang) {
 114                  $lang = array_map('trim', explode(';', $lang));
 115                  if (isset($lang[1])) {
 116                      $l = strtolower($lang[0]);
 117                      $q = (float) str_replace('q=', '', $lang[1]);
 118                  } else {
 119                      $l = strtolower($lang[0]);
 120                      $q = null;
 121                  }
 122                  if (isset($supp[$l])) {
 123                      $matches[$l] = isset($q) ? $q : 1000 - count($matches);
 124                  }
 125              }
 126          }
 127  
 128          if (count($matches)) {
 129              asort($matches, SORT_NUMERIC);
 130              return $supp[end($l = array_keys($matches))];
 131          }
 132          
 133          if (isset($_SERVER['REMOTE_HOST'])) {
 134              $lang = strtolower(end($h = explode('.', $_SERVER['REMOTE_HOST'])));
 135              if (isset($supp[$lang])) {
 136                  return $supp[$lang];
 137              }
 138          }
 139  
 140          return $default;
 141      }
 142  
 143      /**

 144       * Head

 145       * 

 146       * Sends a "HEAD" HTTP command to a server and returns the headers

 147       * as an associative array. Example output could be:

 148       * <code>

 149       *     Array

 150       *     (

 151       *         [response_code] => 200          // The HTTP response code

 152       *         [response] => HTTP/1.1 200 OK   // The full HTTP response string

 153       *         [Date] => Fri, 11 Jan 2002 01:41:44 GMT

 154       *         [Server] => Apache/1.3.20 (Unix) PHP/4.1.1

 155       *         [X-Powered-By] => PHP/4.1.1

 156       *         [Connection] => close

 157       *         [Content-Type] => text/html

 158       *     )

 159       * </code>

 160       * 

 161       * @see HTTP_Client::head()

 162       * @see HTTP_Request

 163       * 

 164       * @static 

 165       * @access  public 

 166       * @return  mixed   Returns associative array of response headers on success

 167       *                  or PEAR error on failure.

 168       * @param   string  $url A valid URL, e.g.: http://pear.php.net/credits.php

 169       * @param   integer $timeout Timeout in seconds (default = 10)

 170       */
 171      function head($url, $timeout = 10)
 172      {
 173          $p = parse_url($url);
 174          if (!isset($p['scheme'])) {
 175              $p = parse_url(HTTP::absoluteURI($url));
 176          } elseif ($p['scheme'] != 'http') {
 177              return HTTP::raiseError('Unsupported protocol: '. $p['scheme']);
 178          }
 179  
 180          $port = isset($p['port']) ? $p['port'] : 80;
 181  
 182          if (!$fp = @fsockopen($p['host'], $port, $eno, $estr, $timeout)) {
 183              return HTTP::raiseError("Connection error: $estr ($eno)");
 184          }
 185  
 186          $path  = !empty($p['path']) ? $p['path'] : '/';
 187          $path .= !empty($p['query']) ? '?' . $p['query'] : '';
 188  
 189          fputs($fp, "HEAD $path HTTP/1.0\r\n");
 190          fputs($fp, 'Host: ' . $p['host'] . ':' . $port . "\r\n");
 191          fputs($fp, "Connection: close\r\n\r\n");
 192  
 193          $response = rtrim(fgets($fp, 4096));
 194          if (preg_match("|^HTTP/[^\s]*\s(.*?)\s|", $response, $status)) {
 195              $headers['response_code'] = $status[1];
 196          }
 197          $headers['response'] = $response;
 198  
 199          while ($line = fgets($fp, 4096)) {
 200              if (!trim($line)) {
 201                  break;
 202              }
 203              if (($pos = strpos($line, ':')) !== false) {
 204                  $header = substr($line, 0, $pos);
 205                  $value  = trim(substr($line, $pos + 1));
 206                  $headers[$header] = $value;
 207              }
 208          }
 209          fclose($fp);
 210          return $headers;
 211      }
 212  
 213      /**

 214       * Redirect

 215       * 

 216       * This function redirects the client. This is done by issuing

 217       * a "Location" header and exiting if wanted.  If you set $rfc2616 to true

 218       * HTTP will output a hypertext note with the location of the redirect.

 219       * 

 220       * @static 

 221       * @access  public 

 222       * @return  mixed   Returns true on succes (or exits) or false if headers

 223       *                  have already been sent.

 224       * @param   string  $url URL where the redirect should go to.

 225       * @param   bool    $exit Whether to exit immediately after redirection.

 226       * @param   bool    $rfc2616 Wheter to output a hypertext note where we're

 227       *                  redirecting to (Redirecting to <a href="...">...</a>.)

 228       */
 229      function redirect($url, $exit = true, $rfc2616 = false)
 230      {
 231          if (headers_sent()) {
 232              return false;
 233          }
 234          
 235          $url = HTTP::absoluteURI($url);
 236          header('Location: '. $url);
 237          
 238          if (    $rfc2616 && isset($_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD']) &&
 239                  $_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD'] != 'HEAD') {
 240              printf('Redirecting to: <a href="%s">%s</a>.', $url, $url);
 241          }
 242          if ($exit) {
 243              exit;
 244          }
 245          return true;
 246      }
 247  
 248      /**

 249       * Absolute URI

 250       * 

 251       * This function returns the absolute URI for the partial URL passed.

 252       * The current scheme (HTTP/HTTPS), host server, port, current script

 253       * location are used if necessary to resolve any relative URLs.

 254       * 

 255       * Offsets potentially created by PATH_INFO are taken care of to resolve

 256       * relative URLs to the current script.

 257       * 

 258       * You can choose a new protocol while resolving the URI.  This is 

 259       * particularly useful when redirecting a web browser using relative URIs 

 260       * and to switch from HTTP to HTTPS, or vice-versa, at the same time.

 261       * 

 262       * @author  Philippe Jausions <Philippe.Jausions@11abacus.com> 

 263       * @static 

 264       * @access  public 

 265       * @return  string  The absolute URI.

 266       * @param   string  $url Absolute or relative URI the redirect should go to.

 267       * @param   string  $protocol Protocol to use when redirecting URIs.

 268       * @param   integer $port A new port number.

 269       */
 270      function absoluteURI($url = null, $protocol = null, $port = null)
 271      {
 272          // filter CR/LF

 273          $url = str_replace(array("\r", "\n"), ' ', $url);
 274          
 275          // Mess around with already absolute URIs

 276          if (preg_match('!^([a-z0-9]+)://!i', $url)) {
 277              if (empty($protocol) && empty($port)) {
 278                  return $url;
 279              }
 280              if (!empty($protocol)) {
 281                  $url = $protocol .':'. end($array = explode(':', $url, 2));
 282              }
 283              if (!empty($port)) {
 284                  $url = preg_replace('!^(([a-z0-9]+)://[^/:]+)(:[\d]+)?!i', 
 285                      '\1:'. $port, $url);
 286              }
 287              return $url;
 288          }
 289              
 290          $host = 'localhost';
 291          if (!empty($_SERVER['HTTP_HOST'])) {
 292              list($host) = explode(':', $_SERVER['HTTP_HOST']);
 293          } elseif (!empty($_SERVER['SERVER_NAME'])) {
 294              list($host) = explode(':', $_SERVER['SERVER_NAME']);
 295          }
 296  
 297          if (empty($protocol)) {
 298              if (isset($_SERVER['HTTPS']) && !strcasecmp($_SERVER['HTTPS'], 'on')) {
 299                  $protocol = 'https';
 300              } else {
 301                  $protocol = 'http';
 302              }
 303              if (!isset($port) || $port != intval($port)) {
 304                  $port = isset($_SERVER['SERVER_PORT']) ? $_SERVER['SERVER_PORT'] : 80;
 305              }
 306          }
 307          
 308          if ($protocol == 'http' && $port == 80) {
 309              unset($port);
 310          }
 311          if ($protocol == 'https' && $port == 443) {
 312              unset($port);
 313          }
 314  
 315          $server = $protocol .'://'. $host . (isset($port) ? ':'. $port : '');
 316          
 317          if (!strlen($url)) {
 318              $url = isset($_SERVER['REQUEST_URI']) ? 
 319                  $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'] : $_SERVER['PHP_SELF'];
 320          }
 321          
 322          if ($url{0} == '/') {
 323              return $server . $url;
 324          }
 325          
 326          // Check for PATH_INFO

 327          if (isset($_SERVER['PATH_INFO']) && strlen($_SERVER['PATH_INFO']) && 
 328                  $_SERVER['PHP_SELF'] != $_SERVER['PATH_INFO']) {
 329              $path = dirname(substr($_SERVER['PHP_SELF'], 0, -strlen($_SERVER['PATH_INFO'])));
 330          } else {
 331              $path = dirname($_SERVER['PHP_SELF']);
 332          }
 333          
 334          if (substr($path = strtr($path, '\\', '/'), -1) != '/') {
 335              $path .= '/';
 336          }
 337          
 338          return $server . $path . $url;
 339      }
 340  
 341      /**

 342       * Raise Error

 343       * 

 344       * Lazy raising of PEAR_Errors.

 345       * 

 346       * @static 

 347       * @access  protected 

 348       * @return  object PEAR_Error

 349       * @param   mixed   $error 

 350       * @param   int     $code 

 351       */
 352      function raiseError($error = null, $code = null)
 353      {
 354          require_once  'PEAR.php';
 355          return PEAR::raiseError($error, $code);
 356      }
 357  }
 358  
 359  ?>


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